Direct Election and Economic Policy Voting in the U.S. Senate

Maks-Solomon, Cory. 2018. “Direct Election and Economic Policy Voting in the U.S. Senate: Responsiveness to States, Voters, and Special Internets.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.

  • Roll call votes codebook available here.
  • Replication data and Stata do-file available here.
OregonPlan
Map shows all Oregon Plan states that adopted a form of de facto direct election before the implementation of the 17th Amendment. (Source: Kenny and Rush 1990)